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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Jul 13;107(28):12605-10. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1000976107. Epub 2010 Jun 28.

T cell-engaging BiTE antibodies specific for EGFR potently eliminate KRAS- and BRAF-mutated colorectal cancer cells.

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Micromet, 81477 Munich, Germany.


Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-specific monoclonal antibodies predominantly inhibit colorectal cancer (CRC) growth by interfering with receptor signaling. Recent analyses have shown that patients with CRC with mutated KRAS and BRAF oncogenes do not profit from treatment with such antibodies. Here we have used the binding domains of cetuximab and pantitumumab for constructing T cell-engaging BiTE antibodies. Both EGFR-specific BiTE antibodies mediated potent redirected lysis of KRAS- and BRAF-mutated CRC lines by human T cells at subpicomolar concentrations. The cetuximab-based BiTE antibody also prevented at very low doses growth of tumors from KRAS- and BRAF-mutated human CRC xenografts, whereas cetuximab was not effective. In nonhuman primates, no significant adverse events were observed during treatment for 3 wk at BiTE serum concentrations inducing, within 1 d, complete lysis of EGFR-overexpressing cancer cells. EGFR-specific BiTE antibodies may have potential to treat CRC that does not respond to conventional antibodies.

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