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Head Neck Pathol. 2008 Sep;2(3):157-62. doi: 10.1007/s12105-008-0059-0. Epub 2008 Jun 10.

Comparison of exfoliative pap stain and AgNOR counts of the tongue in smokers and nonsmokers.

Author information

1
Postgraduation Program in Oral Biopathology, São José dos Campos Dental School, UNESP-São Paulo State University, São José dos Campos, Av. Francisco José Longo, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To compare exfoliative cytology from the oral mucosa of smokers and nonsmokers, with emphasis on proliferative activity.

METHODS:

Exfoliative cytology specimens were obtained from clinical normal mucosa from the lateral border of the tongue in 30 nonsmokers and 30 smokers ranging in age from 40 to 70 years of age, who were seen at the Heart Institute's Patient Center and the Smoking Cessation Program of the University Hospital, University of São Paulo Medical School (InCor-HCFMUSP). The cytologic specimens were evaluated by Papanicolaou staining and AgNOR quantification in order to evaluate the presence of cytological alterations suggestive of inflammation, dysplasia, keratinization, and proliferative activity of epithelial cells.

RESULTS:

Only Papanicolaou Class I and Class II smears were observed. Inflammatory alterations were found in 90% of smokers and in 87% of nonsmokers. The number of AgNORs/nucleus differed significantly between smokers and nonsmokers (3.372 +/- 0.375 versus 2.732 +/- 0.236).

CONCLUSIONS:

Within the limitations of this research, the results indicate higher proliferative activity in smoking patients compared to nonsmoking patients, even in the absence of clinical lesions.

KEYWORDS:

Cytodiagnosis; Disease prevention; Nucleolar organizer region; Oral mucosa; Smoking

PMID:
20614310
PMCID:
PMC2807565
DOI:
10.1007/s12105-008-0059-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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