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J Biol Chem. 1991 Jul 5;266(19):12201-6.

Peroxisomal localization of acyl-coenzyme A reductase (long chain alcohol forming) in guinea pig intestine mucosal cells.

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Neuroscience Laboratory, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48104-1687.


Upon differential centrifugation of guinea pig intestine mucosal cells homogenate, fatty acyl-CoA:NADPH oxidoreductase (long chain alcohol forming) was found to be enriched in the light mitochondrial (L) fraction (sedimenting between 66,000 x g min and 500,000 x g min) which contained mainly mitochondria, lysosomes, and peroxisomes. Peroxisomes (marker enzymes: catalase and dihydroxyacetone phosphate acyltransferase) present in the L fraction were separated from other organelles in a Nycodenz density gradient centrifugation employing a vertical rotor. By comparing the distribution of acyl-CoA reductase with different marker enzymes in the gradient, it was concluded that this reductase is primarily localized in the microperoxisomes (microbodies). The topography of the membrane-bound enzyme in the isolated organelles was studied by checking its lability toward trypsin in the absence and presence of the detergent Triton X-100. The results suggested that acyl-CoA reductase is localized on the outer surface (cytosolic side) of microperoxisomal membrane.

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