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J Card Fail. 2010 Jul;16(7):590-8. doi: 10.1016/j.cardfail.2010.02.007. Epub 2010 Apr 3.

Attenuation of left ventricular adverse remodeling with epicardial patching after myocardial infarction.

Author information

1
Cardiology Division, Department of Medicine, Queen Mary Hospital, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Previous studies suggested that epicardial patch applied to the infarcted site after acute myocardial infarction (MI) can alleviate left ventricular (LV) remodeling and improve cardiac performance; however, the effects of regional epicardial patch on chronic phase of LV remodeling remain unclear.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

We studied 20 pigs with MI induced by distal embolization and impaired LV ejection fraction (LVEF < 45%) as detected by gadolinium-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Eight weeks post-MI, all animal underwent open chest procedure for sham surgery (control, n = 12) or patch implantation over the infarcted lateral LV wall (patch group, n = 12). In the patch group, +dP/dt increased and LV end-diastolic pressure decreased at 20 weeks compared with immediately post-MI and at 8 weeks (P < .05), but not in the control group (P > .05). As determined by cardiac MRI, LV end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes increased at 20 weeks compared with 8 weeks in both groups (P < .05). However, the increase in LV end-diastolic volume (+14.1 +/- 1.8% vs. +6.6 +/- 2.1%, P = .015) and LV end-systolic volume (+12.1 +/- 2.4% vs. -4.7 +/- 3.7%, P = .0015) were significantly greater in the control group compared with the patch group. Furthermore, the percentage increase in LVEF (+17.3 +/- 4.9% vs. +4.1 +/- 3.9%, P = .048) from 8 to 20 weeks was significantly greater in the patch group compared with the control group. Histological examination showed that LV wall thickness at the infarct region and adjacent peri-infarct regions were significantly greater in the patch group compared with the control group (P < .05).

CONCLUSION:

Regional application of a simple, passive synthetic epicardial patch increased LV wall thickness at the infarct region, attenuated LV dilation, and improved LVEF and +dP/dt in a large animal model of MI.

PMID:
20610235
DOI:
10.1016/j.cardfail.2010.02.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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