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Invasion Metastasis. 1991;11(1):38-47.

Increased invasive, chemotactic and locomotive abilities of c-Ha-ras-transformed human breast epithelial cells.

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Michigan Cancer Foundation, Detroit.


Transfection of the immortalized human breast epithelial cells MCF-10A with the mutated ras oncogene resulted in cell transformation (MCF-10A-neoT). Since the transformed state is usually associated with enhanced migratory activity, increased capability to invade basement membranes and to grow in a three-dimensional basement membrane gel (growth in matrigel), we compared these properties in MCF-10A-neoT cells with those of MCF-10A cells transfected with either the neomycin resistance gene alone (MCF-10A-neo cells) or with the normal ras proto-oncogene (MCF-10A-neoN cells). MCF-10A-neoT cells exhibited enhanced migratory activity, as assessed by chemotaxis and chemokinesis assays. and increased capability to invade the basement membrane. These cells also formed large colonies in matrigel. MCF-10A-neo and MCF-10A-neoN cells, on the other hand, showed only marginal migratory, invasive and semisolid medium growth properties. These results indicate that the mutated ras oncogene induces in human breast epithelial cells phenotypic characteristics of malignant transformation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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