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Ann Thorac Surg. 2010 Jul;90(1):246-50. doi: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2010.03.064.

Surgical treatment of bronchiectasis: a retrospective analysis of 790 patients.

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Department of Thoracic Surgery, Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital of Tongji University, Shanghai, China.



The global incidence of bronchiectasis is increasing, and this disease is prevalent in rural China. This study examined operative mortality, morbidity, and outcomes of surgery for bronchiectasis at a single institution in China.


We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 790 consecutive patients who underwent surgery for bronchiectasis in our department between January 1989 and December 2008. Localized bronchiectasis was diagnosed by high-resolution computed tomography. The persistence of symptoms after failure of nonsurgical treatment was an indication for surgery. Cystic fibrosis patients were excluded from this study.


The study sample included 790 patients (466 male, 324 female) who underwent 810 operations for bronchiectasis. Mean age at time of surgery was 41.6 years (range, 6 to 79 years). Several surgical procedures were used: lobectomy (497; 62.9%), segment resection (37; 4.7%), pneumonectomy (90; 11.3%), bilobectomy (56; 7.1%), and lobectomy and segmentectomy (110; 14.0%). There were no intraoperative deaths. Nine (1.1%) patients died in the postoperative period. Univariate analysis showed that advanced age (p = 0.04) and renal failure (p = 0.001) were associated with postoperative mortality, and multivariate analysis revealed that preoperative renal failure was associated with mortality (p = 0.025). The mean follow-up time was 4.2 years (range, 10 months to 10 years). After surgery, 478 (60.5%) patients were asymptomatic, 111 (14.1%) had improved, and 117 (14.8%) showed no improvement or worsened condition.


Localized bronchiectasis is usually the indication for surgical resection, which is a safe procedure with acceptable operative morbidity, mortality, and outcomes.

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