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Cytokine. 2010 Sep;51(3):278-85. doi: 10.1016/j.cyto.2010.06.003. Epub 2010 Jul 6.

Granulocyte colony stimulating factor in myocardial infarction with low ejection fraction.

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  • 1Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, 505 Parnassus Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94143-0103, USA.



We investigated the safety and efficacy of GCSF therapy in a porcine model of ischemia-reperfusion with left ventricle ejection fraction of <45% using a clinically relevant dosing and timing regimen.


MI was induced in pigs by a 90 min balloon occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery. Sixteen animals were randomized to either GCSF (IV bolus of 10 microg/kg at time of reperfusion, followed by SC injections of 5 microg/kg days 5-9 post-MI) or saline (control group). Inflammatory markers, bone marrow cell mobilization and LV function (echocardiography and pressure-volume measurements) were assessed at baseline, 1 and 6 weeks post-MI. Histopathology was performed 6 weeks post-MI.


GCSF therapy was associated with a significant increase in white blood cell counts. At week 6, GCSF therapy resulted in less deterioration of LVEF compared to control (38+/-2% vs. 33+/-2%, p<0.02) and improved wall motion score index (p<0.05). Histopathology revealed increased vascular density (p<0.05) and a trend toward increased areas of viable myocardium compared to control (p=0.058).


GCSF therapy prevents further deterioration of LV function in a porcine model of MI with lower EF (<45%). These results support future clinical trials with GCSF in selected patients with larger MI.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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