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Clin Transplant. 2011 May-Jun;25(3):406-16. doi: 10.1111/j.1399-0012.2010.01292.x. Epub 2010 Jun 28.

Serum phosphate and calcium concentrations are associated with reduced patient survival following kidney transplantation.

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Department of Renal Medicine, University Hospital, Birmingham, UK.


The impact of disordered mineral and bone metabolism following kidney transplantation is not well defined. We studied the association of serum phosphate and calcium concentrations, and surrogate measures of arterial stiffness (augmentation index: AIx and Timing of the reflected wave: Tr), with long-term kidney transplant recipient and allograft survival. Prevalent adult renal transplant patients (n = 270) were prospectively studied over a median 88-month follow-up. Detailed demographic, clinical and laboratory data, in addition to both peripheral and central non-invasive blood pressure measurements, were recorded. Higher serum phosphate and calcium levels were associated with increased all-cause mortality (HR: 1.21; 95% CI 1.09,1.35, p < 0.001 and HR: 1.22; 95% CI 1.01,1.48; p < 0.04, respectively; adjusted Cox model) and death-uncensored graft loss (p < 0.001 and p = 0.03, respectively). In addition, serum calcium and phosphate were associated with death-censored graft loss on univariable analysis (p < 0.001 and p = 0.02, respectively), but did not retain significance on multivariable analysis. AIx and Tr were not associated with mortality or graft loss on multivariable analysis. This is the first report to demonstrate that both higher serum phosphate and calcium levels are associated with increased mortality in kidney transplant recipients. It highlights the need for randomized trials assessing current interventions available for improving disordered mineral-bone metabolism post transplantation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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