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Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 1991 Mar;10(3):187-9.

A retrospective study of primary and maintenance therapy of toxoplasmic encephalitis with oral clindamycin and pyrimethamine.

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Infectious Disease Clinic, University of Milan, L. Sacco Hospital, Italy.


Fourteen patients with AIDS and toxoplasmic encephalitis, who could not be treated with the standard regimen of pyrimethamine and a sulfonamide due to a previous history of bone marrow suppression and severe allergic reactions to sulfonamides, were treated with oral clindamycin and pyrimethamine. All 14 patients received a 100 mg loading dose of pyrimethamine orally followed by 50 mg/day plus clindamycin orally (600-900 mg q8h). The duration of primary treatment ranged from 6 to 8 weeks. All patients also received folinic acid (15 mg/day orally). Maintenance therapy consisted of 25 mg/day of pyrimethamine and clindamycin (300 mg q6h or 450 mg q8h). A complete or partial clinical or neuroradiological response was observed in all patients at the end of two months of primary therapy. Ten of 14 patients showed complete resolution of clinical signs, and 8 of 14 patients showed complete resolution of neuroradiologic signs. All 14 patients continued the maintenance regimen, and although there were no relapses, symptoms that had not resolved by the end of the second month of acute therapy tended to remain unchanged.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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