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Vet Microbiol. 2011 Jan 10;147(1-2):67-74. doi: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2010.05.044. Epub 2010 Jun 9.

(GTG)5-PCR fingerprinting for the classification and identification of coagulase-negative Staphylococcus species from bovine milk and teat apices: a comparison of type strains and field isolates.

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Research Group of Industrial Microbiology and Food Biotechnology (IMDO), Faculty of Sciences and Bio-engineering Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium.


Due to significant financial losses in the dairy cattle farming industry caused by mastitis and the possible influence of coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) in the development of this disease, accurate identification methods are needed that untangle the different species of the diverse CNS group. In this study, 39 Staphylococcus type strains and 253 field isolates were subjected to (GTG)(5)-PCR fingerprinting to construct a reference framework for the classification and identification of different CNS from (sub)clinical milk samples and teat apices swabs. Validation of the reference framework was performed by dividing the field isolates in two separate groups and testing whether one group of field isolates, in combination with type strains, could be used for a correct classification and identification of a second group of field isolates. (GTG)(5)-PCR fingerprinting achieved a typeability of 94.7% and an accuracy of 94.3% compared to identifications based on gene sequencing. The study shows the usefulness of the method to determine the identity of bovine Staphylococcus species, provided an identification framework updated with field isolates is available.

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