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Sci China Life Sci. 2010 Jan;53(1):112-124. doi: 10.1007/s11427-010-0013-8. Epub 2010 Feb 12.

A meta-analysis of oxidative stress markers in schizophrenia.

Zhang M1,2, Zhao Z3, He L4,5,6, Wan C7,8.

Author information

1
Bio-X Center, Key Laboratory for the Genetics of Developmental and Neuropsychiatric Disorders (Ministry of Education), Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200030, China.
2
Institutes for Nutritional Sciences, Shanghai Institute of Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, 200031, China.
3
Departments of Biomedical Informatics, Psychiatry, and Cancer Biology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, 37232, USA.
4
Bio-X Center, Key Laboratory for the Genetics of Developmental and Neuropsychiatric Disorders (Ministry of Education), Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200030, China. helin@bio-x.cn.
5
Institutes for Nutritional Sciences, Shanghai Institute of Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, 200031, China. helin@bio-x.cn.
6
Institutes of Biomedical Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai, 200032, China. helin@bio-x.cn.
7
Bio-X Center, Key Laboratory for the Genetics of Developmental and Neuropsychiatric Disorders (Ministry of Education), Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200030, China. clwan@sjtu.edu.cn.
8
Institutes for Nutritional Sciences, Shanghai Institute of Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, 200031, China. clwan@sjtu.edu.cn.

Abstract

Oxidative stress has been identified as a possible element in the neuropathological processes of schizophrenia (SCZ). Alteration of oxidative stress markers has been reported in SCZ studies, but with inconsistent results. To evaluate the risk of oxidative stress to schizophrenia, a meta analysis was conducted, including five markers of oxidative stress [thiobarbituric reactive substances (TBARS), nitric oxide (NO), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GP) and superoxide dismutase (SOD)] in SCZ patients versus healthy controls. This study showed that TBARS and NO significantly increased in SCZ, while SOD activity significantly decreased in the disorganized type of SCZ patients. No significant effect size was found for the activities of GP and CAT in SCZ patients (P>0.05). Egger's regression test observed no significant publication bias across the oxidative stress markers, but found high heterogeneities in all the 5 markers. The subgroup analysis suggested that the ethnicity, sample size of patients and sample sources may contribute to the heterogeneity of the results for TBARS, NO and SOD. The result further demonstrated the involvement of oxidative stress in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia.

PMID:
20596963
DOI:
10.1007/s11427-010-0013-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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