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Childs Nerv Syst. 2010 Oct;26(10):1275-95. doi: 10.1007/s00381-010-1203-1. Epub 2010 Jul 2.

Non-invasive imaging of intracranial pediatric vascular lesions.

Author information

1
Division of Pediatric Radiology, Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Johns Hopkins Hospital-Baltimore, 600 North Wolfe Street, Nelson Basement, B-173, Baltimore, MD 21287-0842, USA. thuisma1@jhmi.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The goal of this review is to discuss the different non-invasive imaging techniques as well as the age-specific pediatric vascular pathologies and their imaging features.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

Ultrasound, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging features of pediatric ischemic stroke, intracranial hemorrhage, aneurysms, cavernomas, developmental venous anomalies, and arteriovenous malformations are presented. In addition, multiple non-invasive angiographic techniques (CT and MR angiography) and functional MRI sequences (diffusion, perfusion, and susceptibility-weighted imaging) are discussed.

CONCLUSION:

Neurovascular imaging plays a central role in the early, sensitive, and specific diagnosis of pediatric intracranial vascular disorders. A detailed knowledge of the quality and exact angioarchitecture of pediatric vascular pathologies as well as their impact on the cerebral hemo-dynamics is essential to guide and monitor treatment options and to predict functional outcome.

PMID:
20596870
DOI:
10.1007/s00381-010-1203-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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