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Med Oncol. 2011 Dec;28(4):1395-404. doi: 10.1007/s12032-010-9603-3. Epub 2010 Jul 2.

Multifaceted preventive effects of single agent quercetin on a human prostate adenocarcinoma cell line (PC-3): implications for nutritional transcriptomics and multi-target therapy.

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Department of Medical Genetics, School of Medicine, and Hematology, Oncology and Bone Marrow Transplantation Research Center, Shariati Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.


The aim of the present study is to evaluate the effects of quercetin, a dietary flavonoid, on human prostate adenocarcinoma PC-3 cells. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release, microculture tetrazolium test (MTT assay) and real-time PCR array were employed to evaluate the effects of quercetin on cell cytotoxicity, cell proliferation and expression of various genes in PC-3 cell line. Quercetin inhibited cell proliferation and modulated the expression of genes involved in DNA repair, matrix degradation and tumor invasion, angiogenesis, apoptosis, cell cycle, metabolism and glycolysis. No cytotoxicity of quercetin on PC-3 cells was observed. Taken together, as shown by the issues of the current study, the manifold inhibitory effects of quercetin on PC-3 cells may introduce quercetin as an efficacious anticancer agent in order to be used in the future nutritional transcriptomic investigations and multi-target therapy to overcome the therapeutic impediments against prostate cancer.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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