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J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2010 Jul-Aug;17(4):416-24. doi: 10.1136/jamia.2009.000505.

The design and evaluation of a graphical display for laboratory data.

Author information

1
University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Advances in healthcare information technology have provided opportunities to present data in new, more effective ways. In this study, we designed a laboratory display that features small, data-dense graphics called sparklines, which have recently been promoted as effective representations of medical data but have not been well studied. The effect of this novel display on physicians' interpretation of data was investigated.

DESIGN:

Twelve physicians talked aloud as they assessed laboratory data from four patients in a pediatric intensive care unit with the graph display and with a conventional table display.

MEASUREMENTS:

Verbalizations were coded based on the abnormal values and trends identified for each lab variable. The correspondence of interpretations of variables in each display was evaluated, and patterns were investigated across participants. Assessment time was also analyzed.

RESULTS:

Physicians completed assessments significantly faster with the graphical display (3.6 min vs 4.4 min, p=0.042). When compared across displays, 37% of interpretations did not match. Graphs were more useful when the visual cues in tables did not provide trend information, while slightly abnormal values were easier to identify with tables.

CONCLUSIONS:

Data presentation format can affect how physicians interpret laboratory data. Graphic displays have several advantages over numeric displays but are not always optimal. User, task and data characteristics should be considered when designing information displays.

PMID:
20595309
PMCID:
PMC2995657
DOI:
10.1136/jamia.2009.000505
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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