Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Pathol. 2010 Aug;221(4):390-401. doi: 10.1002/path.2721.

Essential role for Smad3 in angiotensin II-induced tubular epithelial-mesenchymal transition.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, University of Hong Kong, Shatin, NT, Hong Kong.

Abstract

Angiotensin II (Ang II) is a key mediator of chronic kidney disease, in which epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a critical process mediated by the TGFbeta/Smad signalling pathway. The present study examined the specific role of Smads in Ang II-induced EMT in vitro and in vivo. We found that Ang II signalled through the receptor of AT1, not AT2, to activate Smad2/3 and induce EMT in a normal rat tubular epithelial cell line (NRK52E). Activation of Smads by Ang II was attributed to degradation of an inhibitory Smad7, which was mediated by the AT1-Smurf2-dependent ubiquitin degradation mechanism because blockade of AT1 receptor or knockdown of Smurf2 inhibited Smad7 loss, thereby reducing Smad2/3 activation and EMT in response to Ang II. In contrast, over-expression of Smad7 inhibited Ang II-induced Smad2/3 activation and EMT in NRK52E cells and in a rat model of remnant kidney disease. Moreover, knockdown of Smad3, not Smad2, attenuated Ang II-induced EMT. In conclusion, Ang II activates Smad signalling to induce EMT, which is mediated by a loss of Smad7 through the AT1-Smurf2-dependent ubiquitin degradation pathway. Smad3, but not Smad2, may be a mediator of EMT, while Smad7 may play a protective role in EMT in response to Ang II.

PMID:
20593491
DOI:
10.1002/path.2721
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center