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Nutr Hosp. 2010 May-Jun;25(3):327-40.

Dietary fibre: influence on body weight, glycemic control and plasma cholesterol profile.

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1
Human Nutrition Unit, Department de Bioquímica i Biotecnologia, Facultat de Medicina i Ciències de la Salut, Hospital Universitari de Sant Joan, IISPV, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Reus, Spain.

Abstract

There have been several studies on the effects of dietary fibre on the metabolism. Epidemiologic studies have consistently reported an inverse relationship between dietary fibre and type 2 diabetes mellitus or cardiovascular mortality. This review focuses on observational and experimental studies that examine the effect of different types and sources of dietary fibre on body weight, glucose metabolism and lipid profile. From the available evidence, we conclude that clinical studies consistently show that the intake of viscous dietary fibre decreases the low density lipoprotein cholesterol and postprandial glucose levels, and induces short term satiety. However, few clinical trials have demonstrated that the intake of dietary fibre has a positive effect on the control of diabetes and body weight.

PMID:
20593113
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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