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Br J Pharmacol. 2010 Jul;160(5):1158-70. doi: 10.1111/j.1476-5381.2010.00780.x.

9,10-dihydro-2,5-dimethoxyphenanthrene-1,7-diol, from Eulophia ochreata, inhibits inflammatory signalling mediated by Toll-like receptors.

Author information

1
Drug Discovery and Development Group, Reliance Life Sciences Ltd., Dhirubhai Ambani Life Sciences Center, Rabale, Navi Mumbai, India.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

9,10-Dihydro-2,5-dimethoxyphenanthrene-1,7-diol (RSCL-0520) is a phenanthrene isolated from Eulophia ochreata, one of the Orchidaceae family, known by local tradition to exhibit medicinal properties. However, no anti-inflammatory activity or any molecular mechanisms involved have been reported or elucidated. Here, for the first time, we evaluate the anti-inflammatory properties of RSCL-0520 on responses induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and mediated via Toll-like receptors (TLRs).

EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH:

The in vitro anti-inflammatory activities of RSCL-0520 were investigated in LPS-stimulated monocytic cells, measuring activation of cytokine and inflammatory genes regulated by nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB). Tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha levels in serum following LPS stimulation in mice and carrageenan-induced paw oedema in rats were used as in vivo models.

KEY RESULTS:

Pretreatment with RSCL-0520 effectively inhibited LPS-induced, TLR4-mediated, NF-kappaB-activated inflammatory genes in vitro, and reduced both LPS-induced TNF-alpha release and carrageenan-induced paw oedema in rats. Treatment with RSCL-0520 reduced LPS-stimulated mRNA expression of TNF-alpha, COX-2, intercellular adhesion molecule-1, interleukin (IL)-8 and IL-1beta, all regulated through NF-kappaB activation. RSCL-0520, however, did not interfere with any cellular processes in the absence of LPS.

CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS:

RSCL-0520 blocked signals generated by TLR4 activation, as shown by down-regulation of NF-kappaB-regulated inflammatory cytokines. The inhibitory effect involved both MyD88-dependent and -independent signalling cascades. Our data elucidated the molecular mechanisms involved, and support the search for plant-derived TLR antagonists, as potential anti inflammatory agents.

PMID:
20590609
PMCID:
PMC2936025
DOI:
10.1111/j.1476-5381.2010.00780.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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