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Afr Health Sci. 2009 Sep;9(3):201-5.

Campylobacter spp among children with acute diarrhea attending Mulago hospital in Kampala--Uganda.

Author information

1
Department of Medical Microbiology Makerere University College of Health Sciences, Kampala Uganda. mshana72@yahoo.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Campylobacter infections occur worldwide. A recent study in Kampala, Uganda, found that 87% of broiler chickens had Campylobacter jejuni; these are potential source of human infection. Isolation rate in developing countries is between 5-35%. This study aimed at finding prevalence of children with campylobacter infection among children with acute diarrhea attending Mulago hospital.

OBJECTIVE:

The objective was to establish the proportion of children infected with Campylobacter spp among children with acute diarrhea at Mulago hospital.

METHODS:

A crossectional study from July to October 2005 was conducted involved 226 children with acute diarrhea. Serial sampling was done a total of 226 stool specimens were obtained and cultured on selective media. Identification was done using biochemical test and susceptibility using standard discs diffusion method.

RESULTS:

Campylobacter spp were isolated in 21 (9.3%) of 226 stool specimens analyzed. Campylobacter jejuni 17 (80.9%), Campylobacter lari 2 (9.5%), Campylobacter coli 1 (4.5%) and Campylobacter jejuni/coli 1(4.5%). All Campylobacter isolates were sensitive to erythromycin, and 20% had intermediate resistance to Ampicillin.

CONCLUSION:

Campylobacter spp are prevalent among children with acute diarrhea in Kampala- Uganda. A large multicenter study should be undertaken so that the extent of campylobacter infection in our setting can be established.

KEYWORDS:

Acute diarrhea; Campylobacter spp; Prevalence

PMID:
20589152
PMCID:
PMC2887033
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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