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Virus Genes. 2010 Oct;41(2):174-80. doi: 10.1007/s11262-010-0505-4. Epub 2010 Jun 29.

Roles of TRAF2 and TRAF3 in Epstein-Barr virus latent membrane protein 1-induced alternative NF-kappaB activation.

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Department of Life Science, Kyungwon University, Kyeonggi-Do, Korea.


Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1)-induced NF-kappaB activation is essential for EBV-transformed B cell survival. LMP1 has two C-terminal cytoplasmic domains referred to as C-Terminal Activation Regions (CTAR) 1 and 2 that activate the alternative and canonical NF-kappaB pathways, respectively. While CTAR2 activates TRAF6, IKKbeta and IKKgamma-dependent canonical NF-kappaB pathway, CTAR1 interacts with TRAF2 and TRAF3 and activates NIK and IKKalpha-dependent alternative NF-kappaB pathway involving p100 processing into functional p52. Using IKKalpha(-/-), IKKbeta(-/-), IKKgamma(-/-), TRAF2(-/-), TRAF3(-/-), TRAF6(-/-), and NIK(aly/aly) mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs), potential roles of these proteins in LMP1-induced alternative NF-kappaB activation were investigated. Deficiency in IKKalpha or functional NIK, but not in IKKbeta, IKKgamma, or TRAF6, severely impaired LMP1-induced p100 processing. Notably, p100 was constitutively processed in TRAF2(-/-) or TRAF3(-/-) MEFs independently of LMP1 suggesting that TRAF2 or TRAF3 may play a regulatory role in p100 processing. Subsequently, TRAF2 or TRAF3 over-expression in HEK293 cells significantly blocked LMP1-induced p100 processing. The LMP1 CTAR1 expression in 293HEK cells activated the alternative p65/p52 complex while CTAR2 failed to do so. Taken together, LMP1 activates alternative NF-kappaB pathway through functional NIK and IKKalpha that is regulated by TRAF2 or TRAF3.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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