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Echocardiography. 2010 Nov;27(10):1228-32. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-8175.2010.01218.x.

The utility of dobutamine stress echocardiography for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease in the HIV population.

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Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences, St. Boniface General Hospital Research Center Section of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine Department of Radiology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.



The introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has increased human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patient longevity by 10-15 years. This increased longevity has habituated new cardiovascular complications, in particular, accelerated coronary artery disease (CAD). Although dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) is a highly sensitive and specific test for the noninvasive detection of underlying CAD in the general population, its utility in the HIV population remains unknown.


The objective of the current study was to assess the validity of DSE for the noninvasive detection of underlying symptomatic CAD in the HIV population using cardiac catheterization as the gold standard.


A total of 40 HIV positive patients (mean 49 ± 8 years; 31 males) between 2006 and 2009 inclusively underwent routine DSE and coronary angiography. A positive stress echo with new wall motion abnormalities was detected in 9 (23%) individuals. Coronary angiography, following DSE, detected obstructive CAD in 12 (30%) individuals. For the diagnosis of obstructive CAD, DSE has a sensitivity of 67%, specificity of 97%, positive predictive value (PPV) of 89%, and negative predictive value (NPV) of 87%.


In this select HIV population, DSE was highly specific for the noninvasive detection of obstructive CAD.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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