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Acoust Phys. 2010 Jan 1;56(3):354-363.

A DERATING METHOD FOR THERAPEUTIC APPLICATIONS OF HIGH INTENSITY FOCUSED ULTRASOUND.

Author information

1
Department of Acoustics, Physics Faculty, Moscow State University, Leninskie gory, Moscow, 119991, Russia, olga@acs366.phys.msu.ru , vera@acs366.phys.msu.ru.

Abstract

Current methods of determining high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) fields in tissue rely on extrapolation of measurements in water assuming linear wave propagation both in water and in tissue. Neglecting nonlinear propagation effects in the derating process can result in significant errors. In this work, a new method based on scaling the source amplitude is introduced to estimate focal parameters of nonlinear HIFU fields in tissue. Focal values of acoustic field parameters in absorptive tissue are obtained from a numerical solution to a KZK-type equation and are compared to those simulated for propagation in water. Focal waveforms, peak pressures, and intensities are calculated over a wide range of source outputs and linear focusing gains. Our modeling indicates, that for the high gain sources which are typically used in therapeutic medical applications, the focal field parameters derated with our method agree well with numerical simulation in tissue. The feasibility of the derating method is demonstrated experimentally in excised bovine liver tissue.

PMID:
20582159
PMCID:
PMC2889708

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