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J Exp Bot. 2010 Aug;61(13):3689-96. doi: 10.1093/jxb/erq180. Epub 2010 Jun 25.

Brachytic2/ZmABCB1 functions in IAA export from intercalary meristems.

Author information

1
Purdue University, Horticulture and Landscape Architecture Department, 625 Agriculture Mall Drive, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA.

Abstract

Dwarfism traits in Zea mays are regulated by multiple factors including the hormone auxin. Dwarf brachytic2 (br2) mutants harbour lesions in the gene encoding an orthologue of Arabidopsis thaliana ABCB1 which functions in auxin efflux out of meristematic regions in the shoot and root. br2 mesocotyls and coleoptiles exhibit reduced auxin transport. However, the dwarf stature of br2 derives from shortened lower internodes whilst the upper portion of the plant is completely normal. As such, it is counter-intuitive to attribute br2 dwarfism exclusively to reduced auxin export out of the shoot apex. Arabidopsis abcb1 mutants exhibit only minor reductions in auxin transport and plant height unless combined with mutations in the ABCB19 auxin transporter. Phylogenetic modelling analysis excludes the possibility that BR2 is more closely related to ABCB19 which has three more closely related orthologues in maize. BR2 is expressed in nodal meristems, and analyses of auxin transport and content indicate that BR2 function in these grass-specific tissues is analogous to ABCB1 function in the shoot and root apex of Arabidopsis. These results indicate that ABCB1/BR2 function is conserved between dicots and monocots, but also suggests that this function must be understood in the context of the segmental organization of grass plants.

PMID:
20581123
PMCID:
PMC2921204
DOI:
10.1093/jxb/erq180
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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