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Meat Sci. 2010 Oct;86(2):436-9. doi: 10.1016/j.meatsci.2010.05.030. Epub 2010 May 24.

Identification of suitable reference genes for gene expression analysis of pork meat quality and analysis of candidate genes associated with the trait drip loss.

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Teagasc Ashtown Food Research Centre, Ashtown, Dublin 15, Ireland.


The aim of this study was to identify a set of stably expressed endogenous control genes for quantitative PCR analysis of mRNA expression in the porcine LTL muscle and to subsequently perform expression analysis of potential candidate genes associated with drip loss. Expression stability of seven commonly used reference genes was examined in n=60 pigs from three independent populations of different genetic backgrounds. The genes examined were: ACTB, ATP5G1, B2M, GPX1, RPL4, TBP and YWHAZ. GeNorm analysis of expression stability identified B2M, RPL4 and TBP as consistently stable in each breed examined. Analysis of meat samples divergent for water holding capacity identified positive and negative associations between drip loss and gene expression using B2M, RPL4 and TBP as endogenous controls. Specifically, expression of COL1A1 increased significantly with increasing drip loss while expression of CAST decreased significantly with increasing drip loss. This study therefore indicates the use of B2M, RPL4 and TBP as suitable endogenous controls for gene expression analysis of the porcine LTL muscle. Further study is recommended to identify the detailed roles of COL1A1 and CAST with respect to the development of drip loss.

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