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Chemphyschem. 2010 Aug 2;11(11):2361-6. doi: 10.1002/cphc.201000208.

Stability of gold and platinum nanowires on graphite edges.

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  • 1Institute of Theoretical Chemistry, Ulm University, Albert Einstein Allee 11, 89069 Ulm, Germany.


The stability of coinage and noble metal nanowires supported on graphite steps is examined by density functional theory. In particular, we study the stability of supported gold and platinum wires and compare their chemical properties with those of surfaces and bare wires. A substantially stronger bond with graphite was found for platinum wires due to unfilled antibonding states, which are occupied in the case of gold. This difference has direct consequences for the adsorption of hydrogen. This reaction can occur either on the wire or directly on graphite steps. In the case of gold, the reaction is favoured on steps, while on platinum wires, it has no thermodynamical preferences. Our results suggest that, in early stages of wire formation, hydrogen could desorb gold from graphite, but not platinum.

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