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Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2010 Aug;110(2):e57-61. doi: 10.1016/j.tripleo.2010.03.005. Epub 2010 Jun 23.

An ex vivo comparison of root canal length determination by three electronic apex locators at positions short of the apical foramen.

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School of Dentistry of Sobral, Federal University of CearĂ¡, Fortaleza, CearĂ¡, Brazil.



The aim of this study was to evaluate the precision of working length determination of 3 electronic apex locators (EALs): Root ZX, RomiApex D-30, and Ipex at 0.0 mm, at the apical foramen (AF), and at 1.0 mm short of the AF.


Thirty-eight mandibular premolars had their real lengths previously determined. Electronic measurements were determined at 1.0 mm, followed by measurements at 0.0 mm, performed in triplicate.


Precision of devices at 1.0 mm and 0.0 mm were: 94.7% and 97.4%, respectively (Root ZX); 78.9% and 97.4% (RomiApex D-30); and 76.3% and 97.4% (Ipex). Although no statistical differences were observed between the EALs at 0.0, at 1.0 mm Root ZX performed significantly better than the others.


The EALs had acceptable precision when measuring the working length at the AF. However, when used at levels short of the AF, only Root ZX did not suffer a significant negative effect on precision.

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