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J Chem Phys. 2010 Jun 21;132(23):234115. doi: 10.1063/1.3445267.

Topology of cyclo-octane energy landscape.

Author information

1
Computer Science and Informatics, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185-1316, USA. smartin@sandia.gov

Abstract

Understanding energy landscapes is a major challenge in chemistry and biology. Although a wide variety of methods have been invented and applied to this problem, very little is understood about the actual mathematical structures underlying such landscapes. Perhaps the most general assumption is the idea that energy landscapes are low-dimensional manifolds embedded in high-dimensional Euclidean space. While this is a very mild assumption, we have discovered an example of an energy landscape which is nonmanifold, demonstrating previously unknown mathematical complexity. The example occurs in the energy landscape of cyclo-octane, which was found to have the structure of a reducible algebraic variety, composed of the union of a sphere and a Klein bottle, intersecting in two rings.

PMID:
20572697
PMCID:
PMC3188624
DOI:
10.1063/1.3445267
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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