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Brain Res. 2010 Aug 12;1348:181-6. doi: 10.1016/j.brainres.2010.05.090. Epub 2010 Jun 4.

Vitamin C distribution and retention in the mouse brain.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, 37232, USA.

Abstract

Vitamin C (VC) is a crucial antioxidant in the brain. To assess whether different brain regions vary in their sensitivity to oxidative stress induced by VC depletion, we used the gulonolactone oxidase (gulo) knockout mouse. This mouse, like humans, cannot synthesize VC and thus its tissue VC levels can be varied by dietary VC intake. Gulo knockout mice were fed drinking water containing standard (0.33g/L), low (0.033g/L) or zero (0g/L) VC supplementation levels. After 4weeks, mice were sacrificed and different brain regions removed for assay of VC and malondialdehyde, a marker of lipid peroxidation. Compared to age-matched wild-type controls, the cerebellum, olfactory bulbs and frontal cortex had the highest VC content, whereas the pons and spinal chord had the lowest. However, in mice that did not receive VC, area differences were no longer significant as all values trended towards zero. Malondialdehyde increased in the cortex as VC supplementation was decreased. The same changes were not observed in the cerebellum or pons, suggesting that cortex is more susceptible to oxidative damage from low VC. These results suggest enhanced susceptibility of the cortex to oxidative stress induced by low VC compared to other brain regions.

PMID:
20570663
PMCID:
PMC2912448
DOI:
10.1016/j.brainres.2010.05.090
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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