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J Hum Evol. 2010 Jul;59(1):109-22. doi: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2010.04.009. Epub 2010 Jun 8.

Stratigraphic context and direct dating of the Neandertal mandible from Cova del Gegant (Sitges, Barcelona).

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G.R.Q. Grup de Recerca del Quaternari, SERP, Dept. Prehistòria, H. Antiga i Arqueologia, Facultat de Geografia i Història. Universitat de Barcelona, C/Montalegre, Barcelona, Spain.


Stratigraphic study of the Cova del Gegant's sedimentary fill revealed different cycles of accumulation of typical interior cave and delta facies. A precise chronology for these deposits, the faunal remains and stone tools contained therein was obtained by radiocarbon, U-Th and OSL. Our results indicate that the Upper Pleistocene archaeological sequence dates between 49.3 +/- 1.8 ka BP, the U-Th age of the overlying flowstone, and 60.0 +/- 3.9 ka BP, the OSL age of the basal deposits. We have also directly dated the site's Neandertal mandible to 52.3 +/- 2.3 ka by U-Th.

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