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Virology. 2010 Sep 1;404(2):246-60. doi: 10.1016/j.virol.2010.04.009. Epub 2010 Jun 8.

Domain- and nucleotide-specific Rev response element regulation of feline immunodeficiency virus production.

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1
Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada T6G 2S2.

Abstract

Computational analysis of feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) RNA sequences indicated that common FIV strains contain a rev response element (RRE) defined by a long unbranched hairpin with 6 stem-loop sub-domains, termed stem-loop A (SLA). To examine the role of the RNA secondary structure of the RRE, mutational analyses were performed in both an infectious FIV molecular clone and a FIV CAT-RRE reporter system. These studies disclosed that the stems within SLA (SA1, 2, 3, 4, and 5) of the RRE were critical but SA6 was not essential for FIV replication and CAT expression. These studies also revealed that the secondary structure rather than an antisense protein (ASP) mediates virus expression and replication in vitro. In addition, a single synonymous mutation within the FIV-RRE, SA3/45, reduced viral reverse transcriptase activity and p24 expression after transfection but in addition also showed a marked reduction in viral expression and production following infection.

PMID:
20570310
PMCID:
PMC2902707
DOI:
10.1016/j.virol.2010.04.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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