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Patient Educ Couns. 2011 May;83(2):278-82. doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2010.04.032. Epub 2010 May 31.

Health outcome prioritization to elicit preferences of older persons with multiple health conditions.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA. terri.fried@yale.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To develop and test a simple tool to elicit the preferences of older persons based on prioritization of universal health outcomes.

METHODS:

Persons age ≥ 65 participating in a larger study were asked to rank 4 outcomes on a visual analogue scale: (1) maintaining independence, (2) staying alive, (3) reducing/eliminating pain, (4) reducing/eliminating other symptoms.

RESULTS:

Interviewers rated 73% of the 81 participants as having good to excellent understanding, and cognitive interviews demonstrated the tool captured how participants thought about trade-offs. Test-retest reliability was fair to poor for ranking most of the outcomes as either most or least important (kappa .28-1.0). Patient characteristics associated with ranking "keeping you alive" as most important have been shown to be associated with a preference for life-sustaining treatment, a related construct. There was substantial variability in the outcome ranked as most important.

CONCLUSIONS:

The task of ranking 4 universal health outcomes was well understood, captured what was important when considering trade-offs, and demonstrated content validity. However, test-retest reliability was fair to poor.

PMID:
20570078
PMCID:
PMC2945432
DOI:
10.1016/j.pec.2010.04.032
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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