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Biochemistry. 2010 Aug 3;49(30):6358-64. doi: 10.1021/bi100773g.

Mechanistic investigation of the inhibition of Abeta42 assembly and neurotoxicity by Abeta42 C-terminal fragments.

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  • 1Department of Neurology, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California-Los Angeles, 635 Charles E.Young Drive S., Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.


Oligomeric forms of amyloid beta-protein (Abeta) are key neurotoxins in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Previously, we found that C-terminal fragments (CTFs) of Abeta42 interfered with assembly of full-length Abeta42 and inhibited Abeta42-induced toxicity. To decipher the mechanism(s) by which CTFs affect Abeta42 assembly and neurotoxicity, here, we investigated the interaction between Abeta42 and CTFs using photoinduced cross-linking and dynamic light scattering. The results demonstrate that distinct parameters control CTF inhibition of Abeta42 assembly and Abeta42-induced toxicity. Inhibition of Abeta42-induced toxicity was found to correlate with stabilization of oligomers with a hydrodynamic radius (R(H)) of 8-12 nm and attenuation of formation of oligomers with an R(H) of 20-60 nm. In contrast, inhibition of Abeta42 paranucleus formation correlated with CTF solubility and the degree to which CTFs formed amyloid fibrils themselves but did not correlate with inhibition of Abeta42-induced toxicity. Our findings provide important insight into the mechanisms by which different CTFs inhibit the toxic effect of Abeta42 and suggest that stabilization of nontoxic Abeta42 oligomers is a promising strategy for designing inhibitors of Abeta42 neurotoxicity.

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