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ACS Nano. 2010 Jul 27;4(7):3560-79. doi: 10.1021/nn100793s.

Kondo resonances in molecular devices.

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Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rice University, Houston, TX 77005, USA.


Molecular electronic devices currently serve as a platform for studying a variety of physical phenomena only accessible at the nanometer scale. One such phenomenon is the highly correlated electronic state responsible for the Kondo effect, manifested here as a "Kondo resonance" in the conductance. Because the Kondo effect results from strong electron-electron interactions, it is not captured by the usual quantum chemistry approaches traditionally applied to understand chemical electron transfer. In this review, we will discuss the origins and phenomenology of Kondo resonances observed in single-molecule devices, focusing primarily on the spin-1/2 Kondo state arising from a single unpaired electron. We explore the rich physical system of a single-molecule device, which offers a unique spectroscopic tool for investigating the interplay of emergent Kondo behavior and such properties as molecular orbital transitions and vibrational modes. We will additionally address more exotic systems, such as higher spin states in the Kondo regime, and we will review recent experimental advances in the ability to manipulate and exert control over these nanoscale devices.


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