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Arch Surg. 2010 Jun;145(6):515-20. doi: 10.1001/archsurg.2010.91.

Omega-3 fatty acids: investigations from cytokine regulation to pancreatic cancer gene suppression.

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Department of Hepatobiliary and Surgical Oncology, Roger Williams Medical Center, 825 Chalkstone Ave, Prior 4, Providence, RI 02908, USA.


Omega-3 (omega-3) fatty acids have been clinically and experimentally associated with the amelioration of chronic and acute inflammation; however, the mechanisms for these observations have not been well defined. During the past decade, laboratories of nutrition and inflammation have demonstrated that the anti-inflammatory activities of omega-3 fatty acids occur at least in part through the inhibition of macrophage-elaborated tumor necrosis factor production and through inactivation of the nuclear factor-kappaB signaling pathway subsequently altering proinflammatory cytokine transcription. These observations led to further experiments that support a role for omega-3 fatty acids in the restoration of apoptosis in various chemoresistant tumor models through a similar inactivation of the nuclear factor-kappaB signaling pathway. The potential for nutritional modulation of host inflammation has been an ongoing and expanding area of investigation. An increased emphasis has been placed on the potential for diet and dietary supplements to serve as modulators of host response to disease, injury, and infection.

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