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J Trauma Stress. 2010 Jun;23(3):305-12. doi: 10.1002/jts.20531.

A randomized trial of a reconciliation workshop with and without PTSD psychoeducation in Burundian sample.

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Philadelphia Veteran Affairs Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.


Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) psychoeducation is increasingly offered in diverse cultural settings. As the literature offers theoretical arguments for why such information might be normalizing and distress-reducing, or might risk morbid suggestion of greater vulnerability, a two-sided hypothesis was proposed to examine the specific effect of PTSD psychoeducation. Participants of a trauma healing and reconciliation intervention in Burundi were randomized to conditions with and without PTSD psychoeducation, or to a waitlist control. Both interventions reduced symptoms more than the waitlist. Participants in the condition without psychoeducation experienced a greater reduction in PTSD symptoms relative to other conditions. Findings are discussed in relationship to intervention development for traumatic stress in nonindustrialized and culturally diverse settings.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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