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Rofo. 2010 Jul;182(7):573-80. doi: 10.1055/s-0029-1245140. Epub 2010 Jun 18.

Benefit, risks and cost-effectiveness of screening for abdominal aortic aneurysm.

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1
Public Health, UMIT.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) cause a considerable number of deaths. A ruptured AAA is associated with a mortality rate of 80%. The purpose of this study was to summarize the current evidence from published health economic models for the long-term effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of screening programs for AAA.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Medical, economic and health technology assessment (HTA) databases were systematically searched for cost-effectiveness models up to October 2007. Only models with a lifetime time horizon of evaluating AAA screening in men over 65 years were included in the review. Study data were extracted, standardized and summarized in evidence tables and cost-effectiveness plots.

RESULTS:

We reviewed 8 cost-effectiveness models published between 1993 and 2007 comparing AAA screening and lack of screening in men over 60. One model yielded a loss of life-years at additional costs. The remaining seven models yielded gains in life expectancy ranging from 0.02 to 0.28LYs. Gains in quality-adjusted life expectancy reported by six of the seven models ranged from 0.015 to 0.059 QALYs. Incremental costs ranged from 96 to 721 Euros. Incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICER) ranged from 1443 to 13 299 Euros per LY or QALY gained.

CONCLUSION:

Based on our analysis, the introduction of a screening program to identify AAA will probably gain additional life years and quality of life at acceptable extra costs. The target population for a screening program should be men 65 years and older.

PMID:
20563953
DOI:
10.1055/s-0029-1245140
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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