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Biotechnol Lett. 2010 Oct;32(10):1523-7. doi: 10.1007/s10529-010-0328-3. Epub 2010 Jun 19.

Biotechnology of morel mushrooms: successful fruiting body formation and development in a soilless system.

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Applied Microbiology and Mycology Department, MIGAL, P.O. Box 831, 11016, Kiryat Shmona, Israel.


Morchella spp. ascocarps (morels) are some of the world's most sought-after mushrooms. Successful cultivation of morels is still a rare and difficult task despite over 100 years of effort. Here we provide the first report of successful Morchella rufobrunnea fruiting body initiation and development in laboratory-scale experiments. Mushroom initials appeared 2 to 4 weeks after first watering of pre-grown sclerotia incubated at 16 to 22°C and 90% humidity. Mature fruiting bodies reached 7 to 15 cm in length and were obtained after the five morphological developmental stages of this Morchella species: sclerotium formation, scelerotium germination, asexual spore formation, formation of initial knots and development of the fruiting body.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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