Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Transplantation. 2010 Sep 15;90(5):575-80. doi: 10.1097/TP.0b013e3181e64237.

Definition of chronic kidney disease after uninephrectomy in living donors: what are the implications?

Author information

1
Baylor Transplant Institute, Dallas, TX 75246, USA. barriy@dneph.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Living kidney transplant donors generally have a favorable renal functional outcome postuninephrectomy, but concern remains that a reduced glomerular filtration rate (GFR) postuninephrectomy might have harmful effects. This study examines the short-term (3 months) effect of donor nephrectomy on GFR and the occurrence of stage 3 chronic kidney disease (CKD) postuninephrectomy.

METHODS:

The prevalence of stage 3 CKD (Kidney Disease Quality Outcome Initiative [GFR<60 mL/min/1.73 m]) was examined in 196 living donors by comparing preuninephrectomy and 3-month postuninephrectomy values of GFR using I-iothalamate GFR (iGFR), modification of diet in renal disease estimated GFR (eGFR), Cockcroft-Gault estimated creatinine clearance, and endogenous 24-hr creatinine clearance. The accuracy of GFR estimations for predicting iGFR was also studied.

RESULTS:

The mean GFR before and after donation were iGFR, 105+/-18 and 68+/-13 mL/min/1.73 m; eGFR, 98+/-19 and 63+/-12 mL/min/1.73 m; Cockcroft-Gault estimated creatinine clearance, 125+/-33 and 85+/-22 mL/min/1.73 m, and endogenous 24-hr creatinine clearance, 133+/-38 and 86+/-24 mL/min/1.73 m, respectively. Stage 3 CKD was found postuninephrectomy in 53 donors (27%) by iGFR and in 73 donors (38%) by eGFR. The prevalence of stage 3 CKD was greater with older age. GFR estimation equations did not accurately predict iGFR, particularly postuninephrectomy.

CONCLUSIONS:

Stage 3 CKD is commonly observed after living kidney donation, particularly in older donors. The long-term impact of stage 3 CKD postuninephrectomy is poorly understood and may not have the same implications as stage 3 CKD in other conditions. eGFR is a poor predictor of true GFR in kidney donors.

PMID:
20562736
DOI:
10.1097/TP.0b013e3181e64237
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wolters Kluwer
Loading ...
Support Center