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Chronobiol Int. 2010 Jun;27(4):706-21. doi: 10.3109/07420521003681480.

T3111C clock single nucleotide polymorphism and mood disorders: a meta-analysis.

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Institute of Psychiatry, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.


It has been hypothesized that abnormalities in the molecular clock underlie the development of mood disorders, in the direction of higher prevalence in individuals with a reduced flexibility to adapt to important regulations of mood in response to changes in seasons, stress levels, sleep schedules, and time zones. In particular, a T/C change (rs1801260) at the 3111 position of the circadian locomotor output cycles kaput (CLOCK) gene has been explored in psychiatry disorders. This meta-analysis has been undertaken to investigate the association between rs1801260 and both mood disorders and depression severity, shedding light on previous controversial results and providing better power to detect smaller effect sizes. PubMed and ISI databases were searched for studies focused on the association between rs1801260 and mood disorders spectrum. Quality of studies was assessed. We found no association between CLOCK genotypes and mood disorders, even when we separately investigated ethnical homogeneous or unipolar disorder studies. No association was found regarding severity of depression either. The methodological quality of the studies has been found to be medium-high. Our meta-analysis shows no association between rs1801260 and mood disorders (as a complete phenotype) or depression severity and points out the necessity of further research in order to better understand the underlying biological machinery of circadian dysfunction in subjects affected by mood disorders.

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