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Eur J Appl Physiol. 2010 Oct;110(3):575-83. doi: 10.1007/s00421-010-1540-5. Epub 2010 Jun 18.

Oxygen uptake kinetics during exercise in adults with Down syndrome.

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Center of Human Performance CIPER, Estrada da Costa, Cruz Quebrada, Faculty of Human Kinetics, Technical University of Lisbon, Cruz Quebrada Dafundo, 1495-688 Lisbon, Portugal.


Persons with Down syndrome (DS) have diminished submaximal and peak work capacity. This study evaluated the dynamic response of oxygen uptake at onset and recovery (VO(2) kinetics) of constant-load exercise (moderate intensity 45% VO(2peak)) in adults with DS. A total of 27 healthy participants aged 18-50 years performed graded treadmill exercise to assess peak VO(2): 14 with DS (9 males and 5 females) and 13 controls without disabilities (9 males and 4 females). Subjects also performed constant-load exercise tests at 45% VO(2peak) to determine VO(2) on-transient and VO(2) off-transient responses. Peak VO(2) was lower in participants with DS as compared to controls (DS 30.2 ± 7.1; controls 46.1 ± 9.6 mL kg(-1) min(-1), P < 0.05). In contrast, at 45% VO(2peak), the time constants for the VO(2) on-transients (DS 34.6 ± 9.1; controls 37.6 ± 9.0 s) and VO(2) off-transients (DS 36.5 ± 12.3; controls 37.7 ± 7.0 s) were not significantly different between the groups. Additionally, there were no differences between on-transient and off-transient time constants in participants with DS or controls. These data demonstrate that the VO(2) kinetics at onset and recovery of moderate intensity exercise is similar between adults with DS and controls. Therefore, the submaximal exercise performance of these individuals is not affected by slowed VO(2) kinetics.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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