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Long-term outcome of hyperactive children: a review.

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New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York 10032.


Reports of adolescent outcome in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder have uniformly indicated high rates of behavioral problems including cognitive impairment. Dysfunction is markedly reduced in adulthood, but the pattern of outcome remains unchanged except for failure to document cognitive deficits. In adulthood, dysfunction is characterized by antisocial personality and substance (nonalcohol) use disorders. These are in turn associated with criminality. The little existing information on girls with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder does not suggest a worse outcome than for boys. Attempts to identify the children most likely to have a poor outcome have been largely unsuccessful.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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