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Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2010 May-Jun;25(3):577-81.

Peri-implant bone level around implants with platform-switched abutments.

Author information

1
Department of Periodontology, Julius Maximilians-University, Würzburg, Germany. fickl_s@klinik.uni-wuerzburg.de

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The purpose of this clinical trial was to evaluate whether the crestal bone height around dental implants could be influenced by the use of a platform-switching protocol.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

All implants placed in the year 2006 in healed bone without any need for ridge augmentation were included in this study. The following groups were created: (1) wide-diameter implants were placed subcrestally and regular-diameter cover screws were connected; (2) regular-diameter implants were placed at the crest and regular-diameter cover screws were connected. Standardized radiographs were obtained after insertion of the definitive prosthesis and after 1 year. Calibrated measurements were conducted initiating from the mesial and distal bone peaks to the implant-abutment junction. The average value of the mean medial and mean distal values was calculated and analyzed with an unpaired two-tailed t test. P values < .05 were regarded as statistically significant.

RESULTS:

In all, 89 dental implants in 36 patients were evaluated. The implants with a platform-switched configuration (n = 75) exhibited statistically significantly less bone loss at time of insertion of the definitive prosthesis (0.30 +/- 0.07 mm versus 0.68 +/- 0.17 mm; P < .05) and at 1 year (0.39 +/- 0.07 mm versus 1.00 +/- 0.22 mm, P < .01) when compared to the nonplatform-switched implants (n = 14).

CONCLUSION:

Platform-switched implants seem to limit crestal bone remodeling.

PMID:
20556258
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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