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J Clin Microbiol. 2010 Aug;48(8):2665-71. doi: 10.1128/JCM.00783-10. Epub 2010 Jun 16.

Genotype-specific clearance of genital human papillomavirus (HPV) infections among mothers in the Finnish family HPV study.

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Department of Oral Pathology, Institute of Dentistry and Medicity Research Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine, Lemminkäisenkatu 2, 20520 Turku, Finland.


The majority of cervical human papillomavirus (HPV) infections in young women are transient, but whether the clearance differs among different HPV genotypes and the different factors predicting genotype-specific clearance are partly unknown. In the Finnish Family HPV Study, 131 of 252 women (mean age, 25.5 years) cleared their infection during the prospective follow-up of 6 years (median, 62.4 months; range, 1.6 to 94.5 months). Cervical scrapings collected at each visit were tested for 24 low-risk and high-risk (HR) HPV types with multiplex HPV genotyping. Poison regression (panel data) was used to estimate predictors for the clearance of species 7 and 9 HPV genotypes. Of all HPV genotypes detected in these women, multiple-type and HPV type 16 (HPV16) infections showed clearance least frequently (46.1% and 50.5%, respectively). The actuarial and crude mean times to first clearance were variable among different genotypes. The actuarial clearance rate (events/person-time at risk) was highest for HPV16 and multiple-type infections, while HPV66 and -82 had the highest crude clearance rate. Independent predictors increasing type-specific clearance of species 7/9 HPV genotypes were older age (incidence rate ratio [IRR] = 1.1; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 1.03 to 1.18; P = 0.002) and baseline oral HR HPV DNA-negative status (IRR = 2.94; 95% CI, 1.03 to 8.36; P = 0.042), while a higher number of sexual partners during the follow-up decreased the probability of clearance (IIR = 0.35; 95% CI, 0.15 to 0.83; P = 0.018). To conclude, HPV16 and multiple-type infections showed the lowest clearance among young mothers. Increasing age and negative oral HR HPV DNA status at baseline were associated with increased clearance, whereas a higher number of current sexual partners decreased the probability of species 7/9 HPV genotype clearance.

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