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Gene. 1991 Apr;100:27-38.

A general structure for DNA-dependent DNA polymerases.

Author information

1
Centro de Biología Molecular (CSIC-UAM), Universidad Autónoma, Madrid, Spain.

Erratum in

  • Gene 1991 Dec 1;108(1):165.

Abstract

In addition to the general 3'-5' exonuclease domain described by Bernad et al. [Cell 59 (1989) 219-228] significant amino acid (aa) sequence similarity has been found in the C-terminal portion of 27 DNA-dependent DNA polymerases belonging to the two main superfamilies: (i) Escherichia coli DNA polymerase I (PolI)-like prokaryotic DNA polymerases, and (ii) DNA polymerase alpha-like prokaryotic and eukaryotic (viral and cellular) DNA polymerases. The six most conserved C-terminal regions, spanning approx. 340 aa, are located in the same linear arrangement and contain highly conserved motifs and critical residues involved in the polymerization function. According to the three-dimensional model of PolIk (Klenow fragment), these six conserved regions are located in the proposed polymerization domain, forming the metal and dNTP binding sites and the cleft for holding the DNA template. Site-directed mutagenesis in the phi 29 DNA polymerase supports some of these structural predictions. Therefore, it is likely that a 'Klenow-like core', containing the DNA polymerase and 3'-5' exonuclease activities, has evolved from a common ancestor, giving rise to the present-day prokaryotic and eukaryotic DNA polymerases.

PMID:
2055476
DOI:
10.1016/0378-1119(91)90346-d
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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