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G Ital Cardiol. 1991 Jan;21(1):33-9.

[Short- and mid-term results of percutaneous aortic valvuloplasty for calcific aortic stenosis in elderly patients].

[Article in Italian]

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Servizio di Emodinamica, Cattedra di Cardiologia, Università degli Studi di Padova.


In order to evaluate the short and mid-term results of percutaneous aortic balloon valvuloplasty, 40 consecutive elderly patients with symptomatic severe calcific aortic stenosis, underwent the procedure consecutively, with follow-up by clinical evaluation and Doppler echocardiography. Over a mean follow-up period of 11.2 months there were 5 deaths, and 12 patients underwent subsequent aortic valve replacement. Doppler echocardiography revealed an increase in aortic valve area from 0.62 +/- 0.20 cm2 to 0.91 +/- 0.23 cm2 after the procedure, but there was a significant trend toward restenosis by 12 months follow-up in 23 of 32 patients (72%). Restenosis was accompanied by symptomatic deterioration in 18 of 23 patients (78%). Although balloon valvuloplasty may often improve haemodynamics and relieve symptoms, these benefits seem to be short-lived in most cases. Restenosis has a high rate of occurrence. Aortic balloon valvuloplasty should be reserved for truly inoperable cases and for haemodynamically-unstable patients, who may later undergo surgery.

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