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Clin Cardiol. 2010 Jun;33(6):E66-72. doi: 10.1002/clc.20704.

Survey of prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension among Chinese governmental and institutional employees in Beijing.

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1
Cardiovascular Institute and Fuwai Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Few studies have been done on the effects that awareness, treatment, and control have on hypertension among governmental and institutional employees.

HYPOTHESIS:

The aim of this study was to explore prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension among governmental and institutional employees.

METHODS:

A total of 80 governmental organizations and institutions were selected with a 2-stage clustering sampling method in Beijing and all employees in the selected institutions were considered our study subjects. The survey questionnaires included demographic characteristics; medical, personal, and family health history; lifestyle information; and sources of blood pressure knowledge.

RESULTS:

The ages of 30 682 subjects ranged from 18 to 65 years and averaged 40.3 +/- 11.4 years. The proportion of males was 54.4% (16 702 subjects). A total of 9216 subjects were diagnosed hypertensive and the prevalence rate was 30.0%. Among hypertensive patients, 5399 subjects were aware of being hypertensive and the awareness rate was 58.6%. Although 51.7% of hypertensive subjects were taking antihypertensive medications, only 2371 subjects had their blood pressure under control (<140/90 mm Hg) and the control rate was 25.7%. Only 4915 subjects (16.0%) monitored their own blood pressure regularly. Health publications (50.6%) and families/friends (49.1%) were the main sources of hypertension knowledge. Female hypertensive subjects have more effectively controlled blood pressure than their male counterparts. Subjects with a bachelor's degree or higher had a lower awareness rate and treatment rate, but a higher control rate.

CONCLUSIONS:

The percentage of hypertensive subjects who are aware, treated, and controlled are unacceptably low among Chinese governmental and institutional employees. Regular medical check-ups and measuring of blood pressure are necessary to improve awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension.

PMID:
20552611
DOI:
10.1002/clc.20704
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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