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Clin Cardiol. 2010 Jun;33(6):E40-8. doi: 10.1002/clc.20730.

The causes and outcomes of inadequate implementation of existing guidelines for antiplatelet treatment in patients with acute coronary syndrome: the experience from Taiwan Acute Coronary Syndrome Descriptive Registry (T-ACCORD Registry).

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Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Taiwan.



Benefits of antiplatelet agents in preventing future cardiovascular events have been well established. However, the prescription pattern of antiplatelet usage in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is rarely investigated. Hence, Taiwan ACute CORonary Syndrome Descriptive Registry (T-ACCORD Registry) aimed to evaluate medical practices in Taiwan in managing ACS patients.


The guidelines of antiplatelet treatment is not properly implanted in the management of ACS patients.


This prospective observational study was performed between April 2004 and December 2006 in 27 hospitals in Taiwan. A total of 1331 patients with unstable angina or non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) discharged from hospitals was analyzed.


The patients with older age, lower hemoglobin levels, or previous cardiovascular ischemic diseases were less likely to receive aspirin at discharge, whereas patients with NSTEMI were less likely to receive clopidogrel at discharge. The prescription of dual antiplatelet agents declined rapidly from 61.8% at discharge to 12.6% at 12 months. The most common reason for clopidogrel discontinuation was recorded as physician's judgment. Dual antiplatelet treatment for 9 months or longer was associated with lower 1-year mortality. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) was the only factor leading to dual antiplatelet therapy for at least 9 months.


Our registry showed that underlying medical conditions may affect antiplatelet prescriptions at discharge. During the first year following an ACS episode, the prescription rate of dual antiplatelet therapy declined over time, mainly due to physician's judgment leading to the discontinuation of clopidogrel. Adherence to dual antiplatelet treatment was associated with lower total mortality at 1 year.

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