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J Biol Chem. 2010 Aug 13;285(33):25448-57. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M109.068742. Epub 2010 Jun 14.

Serum calcium-decreasing factor, caldecrin, inhibits osteoclast differentiation by suppression of NFATc1 activity.

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Division of Biochemistry, Department of Oral Biology and Tissue Engineering, Meikai University, School of Dentistry, 1-1 Keyakidai, Sakado, Saitama 350-0283, Japan.


Caldecrin/chymotrypsin C is a novel secretory-type serine protease that was originally isolated as a serum calcium-decreasing factor from the pancreas. Previously, we reported that caldecrin suppressed the bone-resorbing activity of rabbit mature osteoclasts (Tomomura, A., Yamada, H., Fujimoto, K., Inaba, A., and Katoh, S. (2001) FEBS Lett. 508, 454-458). Here, we investigated the effects of caldecrin on mouse osteoclast differentiation induced by macrophage-colony stimulating factor and the receptor activator of NF-kappaB ligand (RANKL) from the monocyte/macrophage cell lineage of bone marrow cells. Wild-type and protease-deficient mutant caldecrin dose-dependently inhibited RANKL-stimulated tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase-positive osteoclast formation from bone marrow cells. Caldecrin did not affect macrophage colony formation from monocyte/macrophage lineage cells or osteoclast progenitor generation in cultures of bone marrow cells. Caldecrin inhibited accumulation of the RANKL-stimulated nuclear factor of activated T-cells, cytoplasmic 1 (NFATc1) mRNA in bone marrow cells, which is a key transcription factor for the differentiation of osteoclasts. Caldecrin also suppressed RANKL-induced differentiation of the RAW264.7 monocyte/macrophage cell line into osteoclasts. Caldecrin reduced the transcriptional activity of NFATc1 in RAW264.7 cells, whereas those of NF-kappaB and c-Fos, which are also transcription factors involved in osteoclast differentiation, were unaffected. Caldecrin inhibited RANKL-stimulated nuclear translocation of NFATc1 and the activity of the calcium/calmodulin-dependent phosphatase, calcineurin. Caldecrin inhibited phospholipase Cgamma1-mediated Ca(2+) oscillation evoked by RANKL stimulation. RANKL-stimulated phosphorylation of spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk) was also attenuated by caldecrin. Taken together, these results indicate that caldecrin inhibits osteoclastogenesis, without its protease activity, by preventing a phospholipase Cgamma1-mediated Ca(2+)oscillation-calcineurin-NFATc1 pathway.

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