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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2010 Oct;1797(10):1705-15. doi: 10.1016/j.bbabio.2010.06.003. Epub 2010 Jun 12.

Glutaredoxin 2 prevents H(2)O(2)-induced cell apoptosis by protecting complex I activity in the mitochondria.

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1
Departement of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE 68583, USA.

Abstract

Glutaredoxin 2 (Grx2) belongs to the oxidoreductase family and is an isozyme of glutaredoxin 1 (Grx1) present in the mitochondria, however its function is not well understood. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the potential anti-apoptotic function of Grx2 by examining its ability to protect complex I in the mitochondrial electron transport system using human lens epithelial cells as a model. We found that cells treated with 200muM hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) for 24h exhibited decreased viability and became apoptotic with corresponding Bax up-regulation, Bcl-2 down-regulation, caspase 3 activation and mitochondrial cytochrome c leakage. Grx2 over-expression (OE) could protect cells against H(2)O(2)-induced damage while Grx2 knockdown (KD) showed the opposite effect. Under the same conditions, H(2)O(2) treatment caused 50% inactivation of complex I activity in control cells (vector only), 75% in Grx2 KD cells but only 20% in Grx2 OE cells. Furthermore, the inactivated complex I in the H(2)O(2)-treated cells could be protected mostly by importing the purified nascent Grx2 protein, but not the Grx2 protein mutated at the active site with C70S, or C73S, or with C70S plus C73S. Immunoprecipitation study also revealed that Grx2 co-precipitated with complex I, but not complex II, in the mitochondrial lysate. Thus, the mechanism of Grx2 protection against H(2)O(2)-induced apoptosis is likely associated with its ability to preserve complex I.

PMID:
20547138
PMCID:
PMC2964346
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbabio.2010.06.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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