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Maturitas. 2010 Aug;66(4):423-30. doi: 10.1016/j.maturitas.2010.04.013. Epub 2010 May 23.

Effects of continuous combined hormone replacement therapy and clodronate on bone mineral density in osteoporotic postmenopausal women: a 5-year follow-up.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland. marjo.tuppurainen@kuh.fi

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the effects of HRT with or without clodronate on bone mineral density (BMD) change and bone turnover markers.

DESIGN:

Prospective, partly randomized trial.

SETTING:

Kuopio University Hospital, Finland.

POPULATION:

167 osteoporotic women (61+/-2.7 years; T-score<or=-2.5 SD).

METHODS:

Estradiol 2 mg+NETA 1 mg, randomization to additional 800 mg clodronate (n=55, HT+C-group) or placebo (n=55, HT-group); if contraindications to HRT, clodronate (n=57, C-group).

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

BMD by DXA after 1, 3 and 5 years, serum osteocalcin (OC) and bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BAP) at the baseline and after 3 years.

RESULTS:

After 5 years, adjusted lumbar BMD increased by 4.2% in the HT-group and 3.7% in the HT+C-group. The C-group showed a decrease of -1.1%, the total difference being 5.3% and 4.8% between HT, HT+C vs. C-group, respectively (p<0.001). In the femoral neck, the adjusted 5-year BMD benefit was 1.3% and 2.4% in the HT- and HT+C-groups, respectively, the net loss of BMD in the C-group was -3.3% (p<0.05 between HT+C vs. C). By 3 years, OC decreased by 55.0%, 70.3% and 53.8% in the HT-, HT+C- and C-groups, respectively (p<0.001 vs. baseline). The significant decreases of BAP were 39.4% in the HT-group, 42.1% in the HT+C-group and 30.2% in the C-group with no significant differences between the groups after adjustments.

CONCLUSIONS:

In postmenopausal women with osteoporosis, HRT increased spinal and femoral BMD, but the combination of HRT and clodronate did not offer an extra gain of bone mass.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00877097.

PMID:
20547017
DOI:
10.1016/j.maturitas.2010.04.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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