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J Chromatogr A. 2010 Oct 22;1217(43):6646-51. doi: 10.1016/j.chroma.2010.04.059. Epub 2010 Apr 28.

Hydrophilic interaction vs ion pair liquid chromatography for the determination of streptomycin and dihydrostreptomycin residues in milk based on mass spectrometric detection.

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Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis Zografou, Athens, Greece.


Streptomycin (STR) and dihydrostreptomycin (DHSTR) are two of the most common aminoglycoside antibiotics used in veterinary medicine. The physicochemical properties of both substances, make their determination challenging. In the present study the development of methods based on ion-pair chromatography (IPC) and on hydrophilic interaction chromatography (HILIC), for the determination of the above mentioned aminoglycosides in the range of 100-1000 μg L(-1) is described. The two methods were validated according to EU requirements for residues in food. The recoveries for the IPC method were 69.3% and 56.5% of STR and DHSTR, respectively, and for HILIC method 85.5% and 72.3%, respectively. The intra- and inter-day precision, studied at 100, 200 and 300 μg kg⁻¹ levels in milk samples, gave %RSD ≤ 13 for both methods. LOQs for the HILIC method were 14 μg kg⁻¹ for both analytes and for the IPC method were 109 and 31 μg kg⁻¹, for STR and DHSTR, respectively. The sensitivity of the HILIC method is 80 and 210 times greater than that of the ICP method, for STR and DHSTR, respectively.

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